John R. Pedevillano
John Robert Pedevillano served as a bombardier with the 306th Bomb Group. He was shot down on his sixth mission on 24 April 1944. He was flying in B-17 (serial number 42-31768 and nicknamed ‘Miss Carriage’), which crashed, and he was taken as a Prisoner of War (POW).
Presidential Unit Citation award
A veteran from the greatest generation was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation with one oak leaf cluster by Sen. John S. McCain on Capitol Hill, July 7.
Second Lt. John R. Pedevillano, U.S. Army Air Corps World War II veteran and Prisoner of War, was the youngest B-17 bombardier in the 306th Bomb Group.
“When I became a naval aviator, there was still some of the greatest generation that were on the aircraft carriers that I flew off of,” McCain said. “There is no doubt that my generation and this generation of young aviators are inspired by the exploits and the bravery and the courage of Lieutenant Pedevillano and all the others [from the]greatest generation.”
Members of the 8th Air Force were awarded a total of 17 Medals of Honor, 220 Distinguished Crosses, 850 Silver Stars, 7,000 Purple Hearts and 46,000 Air Medals.
“The heroism and dedication to duty demonstrated by the 8th Air Force and the 306th Bomb Group continue to be an inspiration to the Air Force today,” said Gen. Larry O. Spencer, Air Force Vice Chief of Staff. “Thank you doesn’t seem like enough, but thank you for your service. We in the military [and everyone]that came behind you, are standing on your shoulders. Your example of courage is what we all aspire to be.”
During the war, Pedevillano’s B-17 was struck by enemy fighters. His aircraft went down, with the crew eventually captured and taken to a German prison.
After more than a year as a POW, the Germans forced Pedevillano to march 300 miles in an attempt to evade allied forces. On April 12, 1945, Pedevillano was liberated by forces led by Gen. George S. Patton.
“The man we are honoring today … helped write one of the most memorable and honorable chapters in American history,” McCain said. “It is my great honor to present you with this small token of our nation’s appreciation for your service and sacrifice. We honor you; we are grateful to you; and I promise you are an inspiration to those who are now serving and those who will continue to serve.”
In front of a room full of his friends and family, Pedevillano received his Presidential Unit Citation.
“All I can say is, God bless the military, thank you,” said Pedevillano as he gripped his cane in one hand and a pure white rosary in the other, tears began to swell in his eyes. “I just can’t thank this country enough for what they have done for me and for all of us. I just break down when I think of all the blessings I have been given all my life. I am just one of millions and I didn’t expect any of this. I didn’t do anything more than anybody else would have.”
- Air Force News Service, written by Senior Airman Hailey Haux.
- 1st Lt. Clayton A. Nattier, B17G pilot in 306th Bomb Group.
- 2Lt. William D. Whittaker, B-17 bombardier-navigator in 398th Bomb group, talks about he parachuted into a POW camp.
- “Shot Down” Book Review, our review on this book about B-17 “Susan Ruth” of the 306th Bomb Group.
- Interview with Steve Snyder, Author of “Shot Down”.
- Snyder, Steve: SHOT DOWN: The true story of pilot Howard Snyder and the crew of the B-17 Susan Ruth (Hardcover). Sea Breeze Publishing.
- Westgate, Charles J.: The Reich Wreckers: An Analysis of the 306th Bomb Group During World War II (Paperback). Biblio Scholar.
William, Vernon: Thurleigh Memories: The 306th Bomb Group (H) in World War II – Documentary (DVD).